SUCROSE - (57-50-1)

Introduction

Name: sucrose; sugar; saccharose
* IUPAC
CAS Number: 57-50-1
Chemical Formula: C12H22O11
Molar Mass: 342.29648 g
Mass Percent: C 42.106 %; H 6.4782 %; O 51.415 % 
Isomers:  lactose  •  maltose

Classification

• organic • ether

Uses/Function

• "Cane sugar" 1

Bonding

Double Bonds: 0
Triple Bonds: 0
σ Bonds: 46
π Bonds: 0
Total: 46
Carboxyl Groups: 0
Hydroxyl Groups: 8

Thermochemistry

ΔHf° (s): -531.9 kcal/mol 2 = -2,225.47 kJ/mol
ΔHf° (s): -532.05 kcal/mol = -2226.1 kJ/mol 3
S° (s): 86.1 cal/(mol•K) 4 = 360.24 J/(mol•K)
ΔGf° (s): -369.18 kcal/mol 6 = -1,544.65 kJ/mol
The heat of combustion is the amount of heat released when one mole of a substance undergoes combustion according to the general reaction equation:
CxHyOz + 0.25(4x+y-2z) O2 (g) → x CO2 (g) + 0.5y H2O (ℓ)

ΔHcomb° (s): -1348.165 kcal = -5640.7804 kJ
ΔHcomb° (s): -1348.01433078394 kcal = -5640.15 kJ

Safety Information

NFPA 704 Ratings:
Health: 1 - Exposure would cause irritation with only minor residual injury.
Flammability: 1 - Must be heated before ignition can occur. Flash point over 93°C (200°F).
Reactivity: 0 - Normally stable, even under fire exposure conditions, and is not reactive with water.

For More Information

Sources

(1) - Brownlee, Raymond B., Fuller, Robert W., and Whitsit, Jesse E. Elements of Chemistry; Allyn and Bacon: Boston, Massachusetts, 1959; p 322.
(2) - Dean, John A. Lange's Handbook of Chemistry, 12th ed.; McGraw-Hill Book Company: New York, NY, 1979; p 9:
(3) - Lide, David R. CRC Handbook of Chemistry and Physics, 84th ed.; CRC Press: Boca Raton, FL, 2003; p 5-58.
(4) - Dean, John A. Lange's Handbook of Chemistry, 12th ed.; McGraw-Hill Book Company: New York, NY, 1979; p 9:
(5) - Lide, David R. CRC Handbook of Chemistry and Physics, 84th ed.; CRC Press: Boca Raton, FL, 2003; p 5-58.
(6) - Dean, John A. Lange's Handbook of Chemistry, 12th ed.; McGraw-Hill Book Company: New York, NY, 1979; p 9:
(7) - Lide, David R. CRC Handbook of Chemistry and Physics, 84th ed.; CRC Press: Boca Raton, FL, 2003; p 5-58.