SUCROSE - (57-50-1)

Introduction

Name: sucrose; sugar; saccharose
* IUPAC
CAS Number: 57-50-1
Chemical Formula: C12H22O11
Molar Mass: 342.29648 g
Mass Percent: C 42.106 %; H 6.4782 %; O 51.415 % 
Isomers:  lactose    maltose   

Classification

• organic • ether

Uses/Function

• "Cane sugar" 1

Bonding

Double Bonds: 0
Triple Bonds: 0
σ Bonds: 46
π Bonds: 0
Total: 46
Carboxyl Groups: 0
Hydroxyl Groups: 8

Thermochemistry

State of Matter    Enthalpy of Formation    Entropy    Gibbs Free Energy    Specific Heat    Heat of Combustion   
kcal/mol kJ/mol cal/(mol×K) J/(mol×K) kcal/mol kJ/mol cal/(mol°C)    J/(mol°C)    kcal/mol kJ/mol
(s) -531.9 2 -2,225.47 86.1 2 360.24 -369.18 2 -1,544.65 1 -1348.17 -5640.78
(s) -532.05 -2226.1 3 3 3 1 -1348.01 -5640.15

Safety Information

NFPA 704 Ratings:
Health: 1 - Exposure would cause irritation with only minor residual injury.
Flammability: 1 - Must be heated before ignition can occur. Flash point over 93°C (200°F).
Reactivity: 0 - Normally stable, even under fire exposure conditions, and is not reactive with water.

For More Information

Sources

(1) - Brownlee, Raymond B., Fuller, Robert W., and Whitsit, Jesse E. Elements of Chemistry; Allyn and Bacon: Boston, Massachusetts, 1959; p 322.
(2) - Dean, John A. Lange's Handbook of Chemistry, 12th ed.; McGraw-Hill Book Company: New York, NY, 1979; p 9:
(3) - Lide, David R. CRC Handbook of Chemistry and Physics, 84th ed.; CRC Press: Boca Raton, FL, 2003; p 5-58.

Query a Compound (Enter name or formula)